Pine is an inexpensive, lightweight wood that can be yellowish or whitish with brown knots. Pine resists shrinking and swelling, but is prone to scratches and dents.
Red & White Oak
Oak is a hardwood that tends to be grainy. There are two varieties: Red oak is often used for interior pieces such as cabinets, and indoor furniture; White oak is more resistant to rot, and is suitable for boat building and outdoor furniture.
Birch is a hard, heavy, close-grained hardwood with a light brown or reddish colour with a fine, even texture. It's easy to work with using hand and machine tools, but is perishable, so it must be treated. It has a uniform appearance.
One of the hardest wood species, maple is often chosen for heavy-use items like dressers and kitchen cabinets. It's affordable and ultra-durable, takes dark stains well. It needs to be properly sealed first or the stain can look blotchy.
Mahogany colours vary from very pale pink to a deeper reddish brown, sometimes with streaks of medium to dark reddish brown and tends to darken with age. Most types of mahogany are known for easy workability, combined with beauty and phenomenal stability.